A mother who decides to observe Ramadan should be alert to signs of dehydration, poor weight gain and health problems, and needs to pay special attention to fetal growth.
Pregnant women should make sure to inform her doctor and other health professionals, such as nutritionists, when she decides to fast for Ramadan. The table below describes some symptoms that a pregnant woman may experience due to fasting and what to do in such cases.
Table of possible symptoms and signs due to Ramadan fasting and what to do if they occur.
|Dehydration in the mother||Dark yellow urine, feeling of being thirsty, dizziness, headache, dry mouth and skin, fatigue, lack of concentration, nausea, constipation or urinary tract infection.||Consume plenty of liquids other than coffee or tea during allowed periods.|
|Decreased fetal growth||Insufficient or absent weight gain. To find out what the recommended weight gains are, click here. A poor weight gain indicates that fasting is not adequate and that nutritional needs are not met during the few hours where one is allowed to eat.||Weigh yourself at home regularly, especially if you do not go to the doctor every week. The weight can be taken once a week, at the same time. Note that the weight may differ from one balance to another.
A regular meal routine is beneficial for the growth of the baby.
|Contractions or pain for the mother||Premature contractions are often related to fasting during pregnancy.||Contact a doctor immediately.|
|Other||The baby moves less than usual.||Take an icy drink and lie on the left side for 20 minutes to see if the baby moves. If the mother feels no movement, contact a doctor immediately.|